To understand the history of luxury trunks Vuitton , Goyard , Moynat from the end of the 19 th century, we must understand the history of the old chests that led the man to have to create these objects of refinement.
The history of the chests goes back to the beginning of the history of the humanity on the 7 continents, it is the first piece of furniture made by the man.
Definition: Chest / Chest
Furniture to store his belongings. Cashier-shaped opening by lifting the lid.
It may have handles on the side, a latch or a lock but it is not an obligation.
Manufactured often in solid wood (oak, walnut, or other local wood).
Although it can be moved it is not intended to travel , it is not its primary function.
On November 4, 1922, the British archaeologist Howard Carter makes an extraordinary discovery in the Valley of the Kings:
the tomb of Tutankhamun .
A batch of vaults with curved, flat and pyramidal top will be discovered.
Photo taken gold of the opening
of the tomb of Tutankhamun
How not to see a similarity
with a modern trunk Louis Vuitton edge leather or lozine.
Around 1327 BC
Treasure chest Tutankhamun
ivory wood silver and gold
Around 1327 BC
Funeral furniture chest in painted wood depicting Pharaoh's victories over the enemies of Egypt - Tutankhamun
61cm x 43cm x 44 cm.
Safe Roman era
Iron and bronze chest where were preserved family objects of great value. This chest was usually in the atrium. It was a way to show the wealth of the family that owning such a chest.
Around 100 BC
Wood covered with iron and bronze
89 x 106 x 60 cm
Middle age chest
Chest of Saint Louis
Louvre Museum Paris
During the Middle Ages , it was necessary to move frequently in emergency for political or economic reasons and the trunk offered the advantage of containing many objects : removable beds, draperies, tapestries, clothes, precious objects.
In addition to storage, this type of furniture had several other functions : one could sit there, sleep or eat there. The chest is the oldest "multifunctional" furniture, from which cabinets will derive.
The assembly of oak planks 6 cm thick was reinforced by the wrought iron hinges.
The feet allow to isolate the furniture from the ground.
Oak and wrought iron
Lock in the center missing
89 cm x 165 cm x 79 cm
Museum of Decorative Arts Paris
Safe curved lid
Wood, leather, iron, paint
Dimensions 54 x 92 x 66
Cluny Museum Paris
Carved sideboard with motifs inspired by Gothic architecture .
As far as possible, we should avoid carrying such a chest , devoid of handles and beautifully carved so fragile.
Hut , walnut
Fenaille Museum, Rodez
Directly derived from the chest, the first safes known as " Nuremberg " appeared in the early 17th century, this piece of furniture used to protectthe valuables of the flight.
Entirely made of iron. The key in the center of the lid actuates a lock with complications occupying the entire surface of the back of this lid.
Green lacquered metal
false front lock entry
Opening on the top actuating six bolts
Japanese cedar chest
The chest of Mazarin
Beginning of the Edo era
Cedar covered with lacquer and gold
Size: 64 x 144 x 73 cm
Chest of precious stones of Louis XIV
The golden chest says Anne of Austria, has long been considered one of the French masterpieces. It is also one of the masterpieces of the old royal collections still preserved. Delivered to Louis XIV in the spring of 1676 "to enclose all the jewels" that is to say, the jewels of which the court costumes of the king were studded.
Unique testimony of the know-how of Parisian goldsmith craftsmen.
Safe said of Anne of Austria
Wooden structure covered with gold.
Red satin interior
Size 22 x 45 x 34 cm
Indian art is a great finesse. This type of chest, also known as a small Indo-Portuguese cabinet made in India (Gujarat and Sind), reproduces Western forms. They were adopted by the Mughal courts to store jewels.
ivory carved in ebony
Department of Arts of Islam
Trunk for transporting postal mail
Discovered in 2017 with its contents
wood, leather, fabric
Coach leather chest studded
The word "chest" is then given to the element fixed on a coach drawn by horses.
Madame de Pompadour, mistress of Louis XV.
Carriage trunk with slightly domed front and lid decorated with studded brass leather forming a flower pattern.
Carriage trunk of the Marquise de Pompadour
studded leather-clad wood
Dimensions: 56 x 113 x 58 cm
Trunk (Malle) :
Light wooden luggage, covered with canvas inside and outside . Equipped with a lock and clasps. The trunk has a handle on each side for easy loading and handling.
Same function as the trunk, smaller, it has only a handful.
The history of the trunks is closely linked to the horse-drawn journey(animal traction car)
It was not until 1780 to see the first passenger transport companies appear, but were reserved for an elite. The vastness of the spaces of North America popularized the diligences of various companies, the most famous being Wells Fargo founded in 1852.
The curved trunk meets this new need for travel.
Unlike the chest are purpose is no longer to be a piece of furniture in the house but to be used exclusively to move his personal belongings during his travels.
Installed on the roofs of cars, the first curved trunks must now be lightweight and waterproof to protect their contents from the elements.
Why is the top dished?
The trunks are not protected from bad weather the lid is curved in both directions so that the rain can flow on both sides.
The vault also increases the strength of the lid, just like a bridge or a barrel (wine barrel).
Long-haired skin trunk
Curved trunk covered with long-haired skin.
Can be covered with goatskin, wild boar or other game to protect the contents from bad weather. Rural manufacturing.
Wood, goat skin, steel
The trunk is a rugged trunk with decorative iron hardware ironwork .
Often covered with metal foil pushed back.
wood and metal
Dimension 75 x 71 x 50 cm
Basketball trunk (English trunk)
Invented in England basket trunk (basket) has a wicker structure allowing significant weight gain, it is covered with tarpaulin.
The English trunk is lighter and cheaper than wood.
Waterproof black canvas
cuirass border and cow lock cover
2 wicker frames
1860 beginning of a new era
It's a revolution , the flat trunks adapt to the mode of transport. Lighter , less cumbersome , they can stack in train cars and hold ships.
They gradually remove the bulging trunks.
Originally all travel trunks are covered , to protect the contents of dust, insect and moisture.
- embossed cardboard
- vulcanized fiber
- ... Etc
There is therefore no curved or flat trunk of raw wood.
Many trunks have
denatured summers by removing the original canvas
to leave the wood apparent
1870 Luxury trunk
Around 1870 Louis Vuitton, Goyard and Moynat understand that we must create trunks that are innovative, organized, light and aesthetic.
To decorate like a box highlighting the French know-how, nothing is too beautiful it is the beginning of the trunks of luxury.
At the end of the 19 th century, cars did not fit into their storage body. The car chassis was bought alone and then entrusted to a coachbuilder, the saddlery to a saddler ... trunks for their part were entrusted to the malletier.
The words: Safe and Malle
Will perish on modern cars.
Wooden chest of Camphor
The camphor wood chest is indispensable for the preservation of furs , the particular smell persists for several years. This insect repellent keeps mites away. Assembly of solid wood boards with dovetail , brass corners and hinges.
Some call it "navy officer's chest" but this name is fanciful.
The wooden chest of camphor
Dimension: 41 x 95 x 45
The encircled trunk is a cheap trunk , produced until the 70 '.
Slats of beech wood.
Vulcanised fiber luggage
Around 1900 appear the first trunks vulcanized fiber. The Louis Vuitton House will make this material famous with its commercial name: Lozine.Which he will use primarily to protect the edges of luggage, replacing leather and metal.
Other manufacturers will make luggage entirely with this material.
Old trunk covered with parchment
Military trunk for storing and delivering ammunition, weapons of war and other live on the battlefield.
Military Trunk 1 World War
painted wood and metal
Size: 58 x 22 x 22 cm
From 1936 and the first paid holidays in France, the production of luggage with cardboard structure explodes, in order to reduce the cost of production and satisfy a wider clientele wishing to go on vacation.
Even Louis Vuitton will be there at the end of the 50s, with his Stratos suitcase, then Satellite produced until 2000.
Discover the history of Malletier de légende:
The Moynat story began in 1849 and became famous thanks to his creations for the automotive world. ... Read more
The Louis Vuitton story begins in 1854, exclusive packer of the Empress Eugenie wife of Napoleon III ... read more
French page : Retrospective Malle bombée et coffre bois